Optimization of process variables for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by Aspergillus wentii using statistical experimental design

Supratim Biswas and Antoine F Mulaba-Bafubiandi

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


The present scientific endeavour focuses on the optimization of process parameters using central composite design towards development of an efficient technique for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. The combined effects of three process variables (days of fermentation, duration of incubation, concentration of AgNO3) upon extracellular biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by Aspergillus wentii NCIM 667 were studied. A single absorption peak at 455 nm confirming the presence of silver nanoparticles was observed in the UV-visible spectrophotometric graph. Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis the presence of proteins as viable reducing agents for the formation AgNPs was recorded. High resolution transmission electron microscopy showed the realization of spherically shaped AgNPs of size 15–40 nm. Biologically formed AgNPs revealed higher antimicrobial activity against gram-negative than gram-positive bacterial strains. We present the enumeration of the properties of biosynthesized nanoparticles which exhibit photocatalysis exhausting an organic dye, the methyl orange, upon exposure to sunlight thereby accomplishing the degradation of almost (88%) the methyl orange dye within 5 h

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