Nano porous silicon microcavity sensor for determination organic solvents and pesticide in water

Van Hoi Pham, Thuy Van Nguyen, The Anh Nguyen, Van Dai Pham and Huy Bui

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Keywords: nano


In this paper we present a sensing method using nano-porous silicon microcavity sensor, which was developed in order to obtain simultaneous determination of two volatile substances with different solvent concentrations as well as very low pesticide concentration in water. The temperature of the solution and the velocity of the air stream flowing through the solution have been used to control the response of the sensor for different solvent solutions. We study the dependence of the cavity-resonant wavelength shift on solvent concentration, velocity of the airflow and solution temperature. The wavelength shift depends linearly on concentration and increases with solution temperature and velocity of the airflow. The dependence of the wavelength shift on the solution temperature in the measurement contains properties of the temperature dependence of the solvent vapor pressure, which characterizes each solvent. As a result, the dependence of the wavelength shift on the solution temperature discriminates between solutions of ethanol and acetone with different concentrations. This suggests a possibility for the simultaneous determination of the volatile substances and their concentrations. On the other hand, this method is able to detect the presence of atrazine pesticide by the shift of the resonant wavelength, with good sensitivity (0.3 nm pg−1 ml) and limit of detection (LOD) (0.8–1.4 pg ml−1), that we tested for concentrations in the range from 2.15 to 21.5 pg ml−1, which is the range useful for monitoring acceptable water for human consumption

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