Electrochemical performance of ternary RGO/β-Ni(OH)2/CeO2 composite in addition with different metal oxides for supercapacitor application

Sreenivasa Kumar Godlaveeti, Hussen Maseed, Somala Adinarayana Reddy and Ramamanohar Reddy Nagireddy

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


Herein, we demonstrate a facile ternary nanocomposite synthesis of the RGO/β-Ni(OH)2/CeO2 hydrothermal route followed by a solid-state method at room temperature. Firstly, RGO, β-Ni(OH)2 and CeO2 were taken with different weight ratios in a mortar pestle and prepared by solid-state method to obtain ternary RGO/β-Ni(OH)2/CeO2 nanocomposite. The as-prepared powder samples and fabricated electrodes for supercapacitors were systematically investigated. Further, a very low quantity of as-prepared bare TiO2 nanorods (NRs), SnO2 nanparticles (NPs) and MnO2 NRs was added to the above-obtained ternary composite to prepare quaternary nanocomposite. The as-prepared material crystalline structure, morphological and elemental analyses were examined by using different characterisation techniques such as x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The electrochemical properties of as-characterised ternary and quaternary composites were examined by using the cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The obtained results have shown that prepared ternary composite in addition with MnO2 NRs was endowed with superior specific capacitance (1250 F.g−1) at current density 0.5 A.g−1 in 3 M KOH aqueous electrolyte solution as compared with other metal oxides of SnO2 NPs and TiO2 NRs. After 3000 cycles ternary nanocomposite in addition with MnO2 NRs retained 78.46%, showed better cyclic stability. Based on these results it can be concluded that the novel ternary/quaternary composite of RGO/β-Ni(OH)2/CeO2 can serve as promising electrode material in next-generation supercapacitors.
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