The synthesis of activated carbon nanofiber electrode made from acacia leaves (Acacia mangium wild) as supercapacitors
Erman Taer, Kristin Natalia, Apriwandi Apriwandi, Rika Taslim, Agustino Agustino and Rakhmawati Farma
The activated carbon electrode made from acacia leaves (Acacia mangium wild) has been developed successfully. The preparation of the electrodes used a combination of chemical and physical activation with temperature variations at 800 °C, 850 °C, 900 °C, and 950 °C. Highest specific capacitance of activated carbon was 113 F g−1 in the two electrode system and showed excellent electrochemical performances. Additionally, activated carbon exhibits 95.73% purity with a specific surface area of 714.492 m2 g−1. These excellent results show great potential in developing energy storage devices with high specific capacitance for supercapacitor applications.