Anti-bacteria activity of carbon nanotubes grown on trimetallic catalyst

S O Ibrahim, A S Abdulkareem, K U Isah, U Ahmadu, M T Bankole and I Kariim

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


Trimetallic Fe-Ni-Co/Al2O3 catalyst was prepared using wet impregnation method to produce carbon nanotubes (CNTs) through the method of catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD). Characterization of the developed catalyst and CNTs were carried out using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), x-ray diffraction (XRD), specific surface area Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HRSEM)/energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM)/selected area electron diffraction (SAED). The BET and TGA analysis indicated that the Fe-Ni-Co/Al2O3 catalyst has a high surface area 2.88.84 m2.g-1 and is thermally stable. The FTIR of the developed catalyst shows notable functional group with presence of unbound water. The HRSEM of the catalyst revealed agglomerated, homogeneous and porous particles while the HRSEM/HRTEM of the produced CNTs gave the formation of long strand of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and homogeneous crystalline fringe like structure with irregular diameter. EDS revealed the dominance of carbon in the elemental composition. XRD/SAED patterns of the catalyst suggest high dispersion of the metallic particles in the catalyst mixture while that of the CNTs confirmed that the produced MWCNTs were highly graphitized and crystalline in nature with little structural defects. The anti-bacteria activity of the produced MWCNTs on Klebsiella pneumoneaeEscherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was also carried out. It was observed that the produced MWCNTs have an inhibitory property on bacteria; Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoneae from zero day (6.5 104 and 7.3 103 cfu.g-1) through to twelfth day (Nil count) respectively. It has no effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa with too numerous to count at zero-sixth day, but a breakdown in its growth at ninth-twelfth day (2.0 103 - 1.5 103 cfu.g-1) . This study implied that MWCNTs with varying diameter and well-ordered nano-structure can be produced from Fe-Ni-Co/Al2O3 catalyst via CCVD method, and it can be recommended that the MWCNTs can be used to treat infected media contaminated with Klebsiella pneumoneae, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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