Investigation of oxygen vacancies in Ce coupled TiO2 nanocomposites by Raman and PL spectra

J Dhanalakshmi, S Iyyapushpam, S T Nishanthi, M Malligavathy and D Pathinettam Padiyan

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


CeO2–TiO2 nanocomposites with different Ce weight percentages (2, 4, 6 and 8%) were synthesized by sol-gel method. The influence of cerium inclusion on the structural, morphological, optical properties and elemental composition has been analyzed via XRD, BET surface area analysis, UV-DRS, HR-SEM, EDAX, TEM, Raman and photoluminescence spectra. The structural study showed that all the CeO2–TiO2nanocomposites crystallized in tetragonal structure with anatase phase. Morphological study revealed that the nanocomposites are in spherical shape with size between 13–15 nm. Raman and PL spectra confirmed the presence and influence of oxygen vacancy defects. The adsorption ability of the CeO2–TiO2 nanocomposites was investigated for congo red dye under dark condition. CeO2–TiO2 nanocomposites have enhanced adsorptive performance in comparison with bare TiO2 nanoparticles. The enhanced adsorptive activity of CeO2–TiO2nanocomposites is due to the higher surface area of the nanocomposites and oxygen vacancies present in the surface of the nanocomposites. The pseudo second order kinetic equation fits well with higher correlation coefficient compared to the pseudo first order in explaining the reaction kinetics

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