Effectiveness of hairpin probe in increasing the limit of detection for gold nanowire based-biosensor

Huu Tien Cao, Xuan Thanh Tung Pham, Van Linh Ha and Van Hieu Le

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


Electrochemical DNA (E-DNA) sensors, which are rapid, reagentless and readily integrated into microelectronics and microfluidics, appear a promising alternative to optical methods for the detection of specific nucleic acid sequences. In keeping with this, a large number of distinct E-DNA architectures have been reported to date. Most, however, suffer from one or more drawbacks, including low signal gain, signal-off behavior or instability. To remedy these problems, we report here the development of a signal-on E-DNA architecture that achieves both high signal gain and good stability. This new sensor employs a commercially synthesized, asymmetric hairpin DNA as its recognition and signaling probe, the shorter arm of which is labeled with a redox reporting methylene blue at its free end. Unlike all prior E-DNA architectures, in which the recognition probe is attached via a terminal functional group to its underlying electrode, the probe employed here is affixed using a thiol group located internally, in the turn region of the hairpin. Hybridization of a target DNA to the longer arm of the hairpin displaces the shorter arm, allowing the reporter to approach the electrode surface and transfer electrons. The observed signal gain is sufficient to achieve a demonstrated detection limit of 25 pM

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