Characterization of performance parameters of organic solar cells with a buffer ZnO layer

Dinh Nang Nguyen, Hyung-Kook Kim, Lam Dinh Nguyen, Cuong Duc Nguyen, Nam Phuong Hoai Nguyen

Abstract


By embedding a thin ZnO layer sandwiched between the hole transport and photoactive layers, organic solar cells (OSC) based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) were prepared by spincoating. UV-Vis spectra of the composite films showed that ZnO exhibited a suitable buffer layer that could block holes movement throughout the heterojunction of ITO/ZnO.  The enhancement in the fill factor (FF) of the buffer-OSC (BOSC) is attributed to the presence of nanoheterojunctions of ZnO/PCBM and ZnO/ITO. For the normal temperature, the increase of the open-circuit potential and short-circuit current resulted in an overall increase of the energy conversion efficiency. Comparing to OSCs without buffer layer (WOSC), the laminar structure of ITO/ZnO/P3HT/PCBM/Li/Al cells possess a much larger photovoltaic energy conversion efficiency, namely 2.12% (for BOSC) compared to 1.75% (for WOSC).

Keywords


Buffer layer ZnO, Energy bandgap, Transmittance, Organic solar cell, Photoelectrical conversion efficiency

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Published by: IOP Publishing and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Frequency: Articles appear online as they are published with print copies published 4 times per year
ISSN: Print: 2043-6254; Online: 2043-6262
DOI Range: 10.1088/issn.2043-6262

© Copyright 2016 Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology